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Neurosurgery / Spine Surgery

Neurosurgery is a medical field that focuses on treating conditions of the nervous system, which includes the spine, brain, and peripheral nerves. The compassionate team of experts at Princeton Brain & Spine provides science-based treatment for neurological issues using advanced surgical techniques and personalized attention. Our highly qualified, board-certified neurosurgeons specialize in a range of disorders particularly affecting the spine and are dedicated to using the latest minimally invasive procedures to ensure the best outcomes for our patients.

What is Neurosurgery?

Neurosurgery is a specialized medical field that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and management of disorders affecting the brain, spinal cord, and nerves. Neurosurgeons are highly trained physicians who perform both non-invasive treatments and surgical procedures to treat a wide range of neurological problems, including spinal cord injuries, herniated discs, epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease, and stroke. Neurosurgeons also treat traumatic injuries to the head and spine, as well as congenital abnormalities of the nervous system.

To ensure optimal outcomes for patients, neurosurgery involves intricate procedures that require precision and skill. These procedures may include removing tumors or abnormal tissue from the brain or spine, repairing damaged nerves or blood vessels, implanting deep brain stimulation devices for movement disorders, or performing minimally invasive surgeries to relieve pressure on the spinal cord causing pain and other related symptoms.

Neurosurgery is a complex and challenging field that requires extensive training and expertise. In addition to surgical interventions, spinal neurosurgeons work closely with other healthcare professionals such as neurologists, radiologists, oncologists, and physical therapists to provide comprehensive care for patients with neurological conditions. They use advanced techniques such as MRI, CT scans, and EMGto diagnose problems accurately and develop detailed and personalized treatment plans.

Conditions Treated with Neurosurgery and Spine Surgery

Neurosurgery and spine surgery are highly specialized medical procedures that can effectively treat many conditions affecting the spine and nervous system. In addition to advanced surgeries for conditions like tumors, aneurysms, and Parkinson’s disease, a neurosurgeon for spine issues commonly performs operations to alleviate neck pain and back pain improve mobility, and restore function in patients who suffer from a variety of problems.

Some common conditions treated with neurosurgery include the following problems when they fail to respond to less invasive treatment:

  • Herniated Discs: A herniated disc occurs when the soft inner core of a spinal disc pushes through the tougher outer layer, leading to pain, numbness, and weakness in the arms or legs. Spine surgery can help relieve pressure on the nerves caused by a herniated disc.
  • Spinal Stenosis: Spinal stenosis is a condition in which the spinal canal narrows, putting pressure on the spinal cord and nerves. This can lead to symptoms such as back pain, leg pain, and difficulty walking. Spine surgery may be recommended to alleviate this pressure and improve symptoms.
  • Degenerative Disc Disease: Degenerative disc disease occurs when the discs between the vertebrae break down over time, leading to chronic back pain and stiffness. Surgery is commonly conducted to remove damaged discs or fuse adjacent vertebrae together to provide stability and reduce pain.
  • Spondylolisthesis: This is a spinal condition where a vertebra slips out of place. This displacement causes nerve compression, leading to pain and affecting mobility. Severe cases that don’t respond to other treatments may require surgery.
  • Spinal Fractures: Fractures in the vertebrae can result from trauma or osteoporosis and may cause severe pain and instability in the spine. Through surgery, the fractured vertebrae can be stabilized with hardware such as screws or rods.

Types of Neurosurgery and Spine Surgery Procedures

Neurosurgery is a specialized field of medicine that focuses on treating conditions affecting the nervous system, including the brain and spinal cord. There are various types of neurosurgery procedures that may be performed to address different disorders. Some of the more common surgeries performed by our award-winning surgeons include:

  • Spinal Fusion: Spinal fusion surgery involves joining two or more vertebrae together using bone grafts or metal hardware to stabilize the spine and reduce pain caused by spinal instability or degenerative conditions.
  • Laminectomy A laminectomy is performed to relieve pressure on the spinal cord or nerves by removing a portion of the lamina (the bony arch) from one or more vertebrae.
  • Foraminotomy: This procedure involves enlarging the space around a nerve root in the spinal column to relieve pressure caused by bone spurs, herniated discs, or other issues.
  • Discectomy & Microdiscectomy: A procedure that uses the smallest possible incisions and specialized instruments to remove portions of herniated discs without damaging surrounding tissues.
  • Artificial Disc Replacement: In this innovative procedure, a damaged disc in the spine is replaced with an artificial implant designed to mimic the function of a natural disc while maintaining flexibility in movement.

Recovery from Neurosurgery and Spine Surgery

Recovery from neurosurgery and spine surgery can be a challenging and lengthy process, but with proper care and patience, it is possible to regain strength and function. Princeton Brain, Spine  & Sports Medicine neurosurgeons utilize minimally invasive techniques whenever possible to improve recovery times. After surgery, it’s important to follow the instructions of your spinal neurosurgeon carefully. This may include taking prescribed medications, attending physical therapy sessions, and practicing good self-care habits such as getting plenty of rest and eating a healthy diet.

Remember that everyone’s recovery is unique, so it will be helpful not to compare yourself to others or rush the healing process. Give yourself time to heal both physically and emotionally, and celebrate small victories along the way. Keep in mind that recovery from spine surgery may require patience, dedication, and a positive attitude. With care and support from your healthcare team and loved ones, you can make a full recovery and return to living life fully once again.

Trust our neuro-spine specialists to explore every avenue of non-invasive treatment options for your neurological issues. But if you do need surgery, our expert surgeons are highly skilled professionals with current knowledge about the medications, procedures, and surgeries that can benefit you. Your neurosurgeon will collaborate with you to develop a treatment plan tailored to your condition and preferences to alleviate your symptoms and get you back on the road to recovery.

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